The global food system produces approximately 3,000 kilocalories of food per person per day. This is more than the 2,500 kilocalories per person per day recommended in the EAT’s Planetary Health Diet. However, an estimated 768 million people worldwide do not have enough food to meet their daily energy needs, and around 2 billion people experience some form of food insecurity, while an estimated 2.3 billion people are either overweight or obese. Reducing this inequity in access to healthy, nutritious food remains a pertinent challenge for the food system.
The G20 countries contain 60 percent of the world’s agricultural land and are party to 80 percent of the global food and agriculture-related trade, making them a crucial stakeholder in advancing solutions for sustainable food systems.
In order to operationalise this food systems transformation, the G20 should focus on two priority areas: repurposing agricultural support and promoting sustainable food choices. This Brief has analysed select cases from India and Germany to showcase how context-specific, local, and sustainable food system models can work across the Global North and South.
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