In 2022 over a quarter of a billion people were acutely food insecure and required urgent food assistance, in 58 countries or territories. Conflict and insecurity remain the most significant drivers of food insecurity in 19 countries or territories where more than 117 million people face acute food insecurity. A growing number of food crises are protracted, resulting in long-term consequences and spillover effects across borders.
The international community has recognized the need to adopt a humanitarian–development–peace (HDP) nexus approach to address the complex interplay between hunger, conflict and fragility. In 2016 the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) and the twin resolutions on Sustaining Peace in the UN Security Council and General Assembly sought to foster robust collaboration and coordination among humanitarian, development and peacebuilding actors to achieve collective positive outcomes through risk-informed and joint analysis, planning and programming.
This has provided valuable political momentum for the idea that only the inclusion of peace alongside development and humanitarian initiatives could help to address the root causes of conflict and food crises and reduce humanitarian needs sustainably.
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